Login Form
 
 

Time periods in Jewish history - 19th century

Time periods in Jewish history
Article Index
Time periods in Jewish history
Roman rule in the land of Israel (63 BC - 324)
Middle Ages
Early Modern period
19th century
20th century
21st century
All Pages

 

19th century

Though persecution still existed, emancipation spread throughout Europe in the 19th century. Napoleon invited Jews to leave the Jewish ghettos in Europe and seek refuge in the newly created tolerant political regimes that offered equality under Napoleonic Law (see Napoleon and the Jews). By 1871, with Germany’s emancipation of Jews, every European country except Russia had emancipated its Jews.

Despite increasing integration of the Jews with secular society, a new form of anti-Semitism emerged, based on the ideas of race and nationhood rather than the religious hatred of the Middle Ages. This form of anti-Semitism held that Jews were a separate and inferior race from the Aryan people of Western Europe, and led to the emergence of political parties in France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary that campaigned on a platform of rolling back emancipation. This form of anti-Semitism emerged frequently in European culture, most famously in the Dreyfus Trial in France. These persecutions, along with state-sponsored pogroms in Russia in the late 19th century, led a number of Jews to believe that they would only be safe in their own nation. See Theodor Herzl and History of Zionism.

During this period, Jewish migration to the United States (see American Jews) created a large new community mostly freed of the restrictions of Europe. Over 2 million Jews arrived in the United States between 1890 and 1924, most from Russia and Eastern Europe.



 
Content View Hits : 30984

Visits today:26
Visits yesterday:55
Visits in this month:1265
Visits total:172658
Max.daily visits:383
Day of max visits:09-01-2013
Month of max visits:01-2013
Date since:06-04-2011
Top 15:
Ukraine flag 11%UA (18549)
Russian Federation flag 7%RU (12624)
Poland flag 6%PL (10300)
Germany flag 4%DE (7252)
China flag 4%CN (6319)
France flag 2%FR (4132)
Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic flag 1%MK (2070)
Brazil flag 1%BR (1832)
Netherlands flag <1%NL (1675)
India flag <1%IN (1093)
Sweden flag <1%SE (1030)
United Kingdom flag <1%UK (727)
Turkey flag <1%TR (548)
Moldova, Republic of flag <1%MD (515)
Lithuania flag <1%LT (455)
172660 visits from 155 countries
We have 50 guests online